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Ohio Land & Cattle

Ohio Land & Cattle

Introduction

Ohio Land and Cattle is located in East Central Ohio, near Cadiz. It consists of 6000 deeded acres and 1500 leased acres.

It is an operating ranch with some 600 breeding cows, thriving year round on the grass. Cattle are registered Black Angus, Red Angus, and commercial.

God Made a Farmer

Herd Sires

Herd Sires are selected from the very top of large peer groups of 200-500 bulls. They are selected for a combination of calving ease, masculinity, muscling, structure, fleshing ability, hair coat,

growth, and disposition. There are currently 15 herd sires, which includes Lot 1 in the 2008 Pharo sale, Lot 1 in the 2006 fall sale, Lots 4 and 11 in the 2012 fall sale, and so on..

Genetics

The largest, outside genetic influences are from Pinebank (New Zealand), Pharo Cattle Company, and Wye. The genetic program is very simple. We buy and develop the very best bulls, capable of reproducing cows that thrive in East Central Ohio, problem free, on ranch resources and year round grazing. Bulls are the very top, selected from large peer groups, 200-500 in a group. Cows are raised on the ranch and have a single task, wean a calf, on time, problem free. Every cow that is late, open, aggressive, or needed assistance for her or her calf, is removed from the herd. The type cow which thrives at this task, is moderate in size, 1100-1200 pounds, winters hard, easy fleshing, moderate in milk, and moderate in growth.

Seventy percent of the cull pen is made up of the taller, higher milking, higher growth, portion of the herd, year after year. The cow herd is viewed as a genetic pool, which is why emphasis is placed on the very top bulls. Cow emphasis is on function, a cow with top genetics, which fails to calve on time, or has any other problem, is culled, regardless of her genetics.

Pharo Pinebank WYE

Calving

Everything starts with a live calf. Bull calves average 65 to 72 pounds, heifers average 62 to 67 pounds. Less than 2 percent are born outside that range.

Roughly 1% require assistance at birth, usually heifers. Heifers are calved with the cows with no additional labor or development. Every dam requiring assistance is removed from the herd.

Bulls For Auction

Oct 28, 3 pm, Zanesville Livestock Auction
Muskingum Livestock Auction
944 Malinda St.
Zanesville, Ohio, 43701
Phone: 740 452-9984

OLC Sale 2017
Tag Birth
Date
Name Reg # Sire Dam
Tag
CE Birth
Ratio
Birth
EPD
WN
Adj
WT
WW
EPD
YW
EPD
Milk
EPD
$EN
A 03/20/07 PCC T Q Da King R80T 15871108 PAR Dakota Homer 95 R80 -3.3 +21 +16 +25.59
407 03/30/14 HH Wesson 407 17957209 PCC Ruger 1042T 702 -1.2 +32 +14 +35.33
410 05/14/15 PCC OLC Don Juan 2185C 18186928 41/97 of Kinloch E974 410 -1.5 +21 +19 +20.63
443 04/28/15 PCC OLC Phantom 2180C 18250114 PCC Olc Josey Wales 2136A 410 -.4 +20 +10 +30.93
453 05/20/15 PPC OLC Dandy 2113C 18186931 PCC High Roller 1051Y 453 -1.7 +33 +19 +16.19
0141 03/31/10 PCC FSR Flame 2041X 16742835 PCC MH Rebel 2009 613 +3.2 +37 +16 +15.32
3202 05/11/15 PCC OLC Boulder 2216C 18360638 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 3202 -3.2 +28 +18 +18.19
3813 05/09/15 PCC OLC Bourbon 2110C 18184478 PCC High Roller 1051Y 3813 -1.1 +22 +18 +22.33
9602 04/03/13 PCC Olc Gavin 2139A 17531511 Pinebank North America552-10 9602 -1.5 +23 +11 +30.83
9702 04/27/15 PCC OLC John Wesley 2101C 18185412 PCC High Roller 1051Y 9702 -1.8 +27 +20 +16.28
E974 10/15/09 41/97 of Kinloch E974 16738534 Pinebank Waigroup 41/97 020 -1.3 +9 +19 +28.07
Y920 04/30/15 PCC OLC Buckeye 2212C 18360635 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 232 -3.0 +23 +14 +26.57
1723U 04/23/08 PCC SSCC Sundown 1723U 16329585 Mon Reposa Rito 4794 -.8 +23 +20 +22.24
8202A 05/07/15 PCC OLC Brutus 2215C 18360634 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 8202A -1.1 +30 +18 +16.32
37 03/20/16 PCC OAO Lingle 1204X 18525469 PCC OLC Ladon 2149D X20A 1 -.3 +26 +34 +13 +40.85
58 06/12/16 OLC Great Success 2147D 18525455 PCC McCool 1056Y 58 1 96 -1.7 576 +18 +32 +13 +31.77
63 04/04/16 PCC OLC Wraith 2150D 18525476 PCC OAO Lingle 1204X S55W 1 -.3 +27 +32 +11 +45.86
77 04/25/16 PCC OLC Scarface 2153D 18519369 PCC T Q Da King R80T 77 1 -1.6 +23 +40 +21 +17.73
112 15/08/16 OLC Gran Torino 2214D 18525492 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 112 1 -1.8 +32 +54 +13 +21.45
129 05/18/16 PCC OLC Rhino 2142D 18520570 PCC MCCool 1056Y 129 1 -.3 +22 +30 +14 +31.20
157 05/12/16 PCC OLC Black Ice 2194D 18519387 PCC FSR Flame 2041X 157 1 96 -2.8 594 +35 +57 +15 +19.02
159 05/10/16 PCC OLC Elijah 2116D 18525495 PCC High Roller 1051Y 159 1 -1.6 +25 +43 +19 +18.44
186 05/18/16 OLC Hammer Time 2192D 18519384 PCC FSR Flame 2041X 216 1 96 -2.6 463 +16 +30 +11 +33.82
216 05/25/16 OLC Doc Holiday 2170D 18519390 PCC T Q Da King R80T 216 1 96 -2.6 463 +16 +30 +11 +33.82
236 04/30/16 PCC OLC Bulldog 2159D 18519373 PCC T Q Da King R80T 186 1 109 -.5 579 +31 +47 +16 +20.63
271 04/24/16 PCC OLC Jimmy C 2152D 18519366 PCC T Q Da King R80T 271 1 -1.2 +21 +36 +16 +25.17
291 05/16/16 OLC Night Train 2169D 18519389 PCC T Q Da King R80T 291 1 99 -2.5 580 +26 +42 +16 +22.71
304 05/23/16 OLC Walk This Way 2143D 18520571 PCC McCool 1056Y 304 1 -1.4 +21 +35 +15 +27.92
312 05/10/16 OLC Make My Day 2228D 18525464 HH Rock Anchor 411 312 1 103 +.8 628 +25 +42 +19 +18.85
316 04/29/16 PCC OLC King Fisher 2158D 18519372 PCC T Q Da King R80T 316 1 104 -1.8 585 +27 +46 +19 +17.19
330 06/08/16 OLC Tombstone 2196D 18519393 PCC SFR Flame 2041X 300 1 97 -2.6 500 +28 +51 +17 +18.89
331 05/02/16 PCC OLC Pawnee 2129D 18520559 PCC McCool 1056Y 331 1
334 05/25/16 PCC OLC Gambler 2121D 18525509 PCC High Roller 1051Y 334 1 99 -1.5 510 +33 +53 +19 +14.26
338 05/10/15 PCC OLC Joker 2133C 18185424 PCC McCool 1056Y 338 1 99 -2.1 577 +25 +45 +13 +26.71
351 04/25/16 PCC OLC Lucky 2187D 18519368 PCC T Q Da King R80T 351 1 100 -1.2 475 +15 +23 +11 +36.62
360 04/3/16 OLC Shakedown 2199D 18525480 PCC Olc Matt Dillon 2201A 360 1 -1.3 +19 +28 +12 +33.40
363 04/24/16 OLC Rocket Man 2125D 18520556 PCC McCool 1056Y 363 1 100 -1.2 610 +21 +34 +12 +30.98
380 05/09/16 OLC Night Hawk 2138D 18520568 Pcc McCool 1056Y 380 1 101 -1.0 612 +21 +31 +14 +29.72
391 05/22/16 PCC OLC Grizzly 2207D 18525508 PCC Olc Matt Dillon 2201A 391 1 100 -2.1 476 +30 +48 +10 +27.64
392 06/11/16 OLC Up Town Funk 2123D 18536076 PCC High Roller 1051Y 392 1 103 -1.7 537 +32 +48 +20 +15.05
400 04/24/16 OLC Ham Hock 2127D 18520557 PCC McCool 1056Y 400 1 100 -1.4 624 +23 +38 +13 +28.11
401 05/07/16 OLC Dominator 2135D 18520565 PCC McCool 1056Y 401 1 100 -1.1 657 +32 +48 +16 +20.21
403 06/22/16 PCC OLC Wild Man 2124D 18536079 PCC High Roller 1051Y 403 1 103 -1.4 478 +28 +44 +17 +20.60
410 06/14/15 PCC OLC Don Juan 2185C 18186928 41/97 of Kinloch E974 410 1 100 -1.5 588 +21 +38 +19 +21.04
416 06/12/16 PCC OLC Asa 2210D 18536077 PCC Olc Matt Dillon 2201A 416 1 -1.6 +27 +45 +14 +23.98
428 05/13/16 PCC OLC Sledgehammer 2206D 18525503 PCC Olc Matt Dillon 2201A 428 1 97 -1.4 462 +30 +49 +9 +28.43
434 04/28/15 OLC Bold Ruler 2180D 18525489 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 434 1 -2.2 +33 +53 +16 +18.11
443 04/28/15 PCC OLC Phantom 2180C 18250114 PCC Olc Josey Wales 2136A 443 1 110 +.4 538 +20 +44 +10 +30.93
443 05/12/16 PCC OLC Hoodoo 2184D 18525500 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 443 1 96 -2.3 538 +38 +60 +14 +19.13
453 05/20/15 PCC OLC Dandy 2113C 18186931 PCC High Roller 1051Y 453 1 99 -1.7 596 +33 +50 +19 +16.19
453 04/23/16 OLC Atlas 2176D 18525478 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 453 1 -2.2 +34 +56 +18 +15.49
469 04/24/16 OLC Cowboy Up 2126D 18520555 PCC McCool 1056Y 469 1 100 -1.5 624 +25 +38 +13 +28.11
476 05/13/16 PCC OLC Buck 2140D 18520569 PCC McCool 1056Y 476 1 103 -1.6 626 +26 +42 +11 +28.92
489 06/07/16 PCC OLC Undertaker 2221D 18536075 41/97 of Kinloch E974 489 1
627 04/28/16 OLC Final Answer 2128D 18520558 PCC McCool 1056Y 627 1 104 -.7 604 +21 +33 +7 +38.89
703 05/03/16 PCC OLC Goodluck 2131D 18520562 PCC McCool 1056Y 703 1 103 +.1 591 +24 +37 +15 +27.10
969 05/03/16 PCC OLC Black Crow 2132D 18520561 PCC McCool 1056Y 969 1 100 -.9 633 +23 +36 +14 +28.77
0406 05/08/16 O A O Samson 0406D 18578619 O A O Adamson 1220A 0406 1 105 -.7 593 +30 +37 +6 +36.94
0407 04/09/16 O A O Sebastian 0407D 18578618 O A O Adamson 1220A 1 104 -.3 560 +21 +20 +3 +47.23
0623 04/12/16 O A O Maverick 0623D 18578620 O A O Adamson 1220A 0623 1 96 -1.6 533 +20 +25 +7 +40.62
0777 04/11/16 O A O Dalton 0777D 18578622 O A O Adamson 1220A 0777 1 100 -1.9 588 +27 +35 +13 +29.34
1727 04/28/16 PCC OLC Ripper 2157D 18519381 PCC T Q Da King R80T 1727 1 100 -1.9 573 +30 +50 +21 +12.90
304M 05/30/16 PCC OLC Centaur 2229D 18525463 HH Rock Confidence 403 304 1 101 -.7 663 +38 +61 +18 +12.15
3302 05/11/15 PCC OLC Boulder 2216C 18360638 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 3202 1 89 -3.2 528 +28 +48 +18 +18.19
3312 04/11/16 O A O Efficient 3312D 18578621 O A O Adamson 1220A 927 1 -.4 590 +32 +41 +8 +32.95
3397 06/06/16 PCC OLC Arn 2209D 18536074 PCC Olc Matt Dillon 2201A 3397 1
3808 06/04/16 PCC OLC Voodoo 2172D 18519391 PCC T Q Da King R80T 3808 1 101 -1.8 589 +26 +42 +16 +23.65
3813 05/09/15 PCC OLC Bourbon 2110C 18184478 PCC High Roller 1051Y 3813 1 99 -1.1 501 +22 +38 +18 +22.33
420M 05/23/16 PCC OLC Phoenix 2225D 18525457 HH Rock Anchor 411 420 1 106 +.6 563 +21 +38 +17 +23.08
4472 04/25/16 OLC Dan The Man 2211D 18525483 PCC Olc Josey Wales 2136A 4472 1
4493 05/17/16 PCC OLC Kodiac 2119D 18525507 PCC High Roller 1051Y 4493 0 99 -2.1 455 +26 +44 +18 +19.32
702M 05/25/16 PCC OLC Amarok 2226D 18525458 HH Rock Anchor 411 702 1 100 -.7 532 +22 +41 +16 +23.12
7723 04/25/16 OLC Bootlegger 2154D 18519367 PCC T Q Da King R80T 7723 1 99 -2.0 587 +28 +47 +20 +16.01
9302 05/05/16 PCC OLC Dragon 2133D 18520563 PCC McCool 1056Y 9302 1 99 -1.5 651 +22 +34 +14 +29.72
9602 05/10/16 OLC Absolute 2115D 18525494 PCC High Roller 1051Y 9602 1 -1.9 +25 +41 +18 +21.37
9702 04/27/15 PCC OLC John Wesley 2101C 18185412 PCC High Roller 1051Y 9702 1 103 -1.8 581 +27 +47 +20 +16.28
9715 05/17/16 PCC OLC Centerfire 2167D 18519383 PCC T Q Da King R80T 9715 1 101 -1.8 606 +35 +56 +22 +9.44
9723 05/07/16 PCC OLC Horus 2114D 18525490 PCC High Roller 1051Y 9723 1 -1.7 +27 +44 +21 +15.81
9762 05/08/16 OLC Prime Time 2137D 18520567 PCC McCool 1056Y 9762 1 91 -1.3 578 +23 +37 +14 +28.22
Y920 04/30/15 PCC OLC Buckeye 2212C 18360635 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 232 1 95 -3.0 457 +23 +42 +14 +26.44
8202A 05/07/15 PCC OLC Brutus 2215C 18360634 PCC FSR Stubby 2021X 8202A 1 111 -1.1 541 +30 +55 +18 +16.32
  04/24/16   18756010 PCC Olc Charlie 2138A       -1.6     +34   +22.13
  05/02/16   18756027 PCC Olc Josey Wales 2136A                  
OLC Sale 2017
Red Bulls
Name Sire Reg # BW WW YW Milk Birth Date
PCC OLC CAPTAIN MORGAN 4205D PCC D-7 WHISKEY 4702Z 3560254 -3.8 620 822 18 4/30/2016
PCC OLC RED RUM 4203D PCC D-7 WHISKEY 4702Z 3560253 -2.9 615 766 20 4/28/2016
PCC OLC RYDER 4200D PCC D-7 WHISKEY 4702Z 3560258 -3.5 690 800 22 4/15/2016
PCC OLC AXEL 4201D PCC D-7 WHISKEY 4702Z 3560259 -3.5 720 895 20 4/23/2016
PCC OLC BLADE 4202D PCC D-7 WHISKEY 4702Z 3560263 -4.0 675 760 19 4/27/2016
PCC OLC RED WOLF 4207D PCC D-7 WHISKEY 4702Z 3560257 -2.9 630 645 19 5/5/2016
PCC OLC BILL 4254B PCC D-7 WHISKEY 4702Z 1683075 -3.7 535 842 17 6/10/2014

Management Low Input

Heifers Reds

Cattle are required to thrive on the ranch resources, with no other input, other than minerals. Cattle graze some 30 pastures, year round. Cattle are bred for May calving, in a 60 day window. May calving enables calves to be born at a mild time of the year, on fresh grass. May calving matches the highest forage requirements, i.e., the third trimester and a cow with a young calf, with the highest forage availability.

Heifers

Heifers are bred at 13-15 months of age, after wintering with the cow herd, on grass, with no other input, except minerals. Bulls are wintered and developed on forage, alone.

Assume $15 per acre land rental/ownership. Further assume 10 acres per cow, which includes water, ownership and taxes to the middle of the roads, plus forest.

Mineral program at $16 per head, increases grass production, worming decreases soil production per year.

No worming, soil biology matters.

13 herd bulls, amortized over 7 years, at 100k, is $23 per cow.

Equipment costs are $150k, amortized over 7 years, tractors and trucks last longer, Rangers last shorter, $35 per head per year.

Hay costs are $4 per year, no hay the last 4, Interstate I-70 is near the line where that is possible, further north, is tougher.

Fence maintenance is $1000 per year.

Labor is $48k per year.

Fuel/gas is $300 per month

Two working facilities are 110k, amortized over 30 years, $1 per head per year.

Cow costs are $316 per year.

Note, there are no depreciation costs, as the turn over on cows, below 6 years of age is kept high, producing a young, elite, appreciating, herd. Cows over 6 depreciate back to the commodity market.

Business Model

Ohio Land and Cattle is first, a business. As a business, it has resources in land, forage, cattle, fence, and equipment. Its responsibility is to produce the greatest revenue, relative to costs. This is accomplished with a profit per acre business model. This model minimizes equipment, labor, and inputs (costs), and maximizes protein production per acre (income).

Production is increased with grass management, the right cow- size and type, genetics, and management. These combined principles produce the highest possible stocking rate, and highest production per acre. Stocking rate effects profits more then any other factor.

This ranch uses Management Intensive Grazing, i.e., the top half of forage is grazed, and cattle are rotated to new pasture, permitting sufficient rest for the grazed pasture. MOB grazing will play a role in the future.

Production is increased with the moderate type cow and their genetics. Each year, the following observations are confirmed: the physically shorter/thicker half of the herd, which includes heifers and second calvers, produce a calf which weans a higher percentage of the dam's body weight, and sells at a higher price per pound. Because the cow is shorter/thicker, her forage requirements are less, which permits an increase in stocking rate. Shorter, thicker cattle have a higher relative intake, I.E. they eat more for their size and flesh easier, which increases fertility. A younger female, who will gain weight and produce a calf, is economically superior, to a steer who will gain only, or a cow who will calve, only. Consequently, the ranch has more, slightly, smaller calves (30 pounds less), which sell at a higher price per pound, and more total pounds are produced with the additional calves and stocking per acre.

The genetics are moderate in growth, milk, size, low in birth weight for calving ease, and low in maintenance requirements (high $EN). These characteristics produce cattle capable of finishing/marbling on grass, every bit as well as cattle finishing on grain in the feedlot. This makes the cattle attractive in the Grass Finished market place, at a premium price, and they finish in the commodity market in fewer days, with less feed.

Management increases stocking rates with strict culling; every late, open, calving problem, physical problem, harder fleshing, hard wintering, and disposition problem, is culled every year. May calving, reduces forage requirements in winter, and matches the peak forage requirements with the peak forage availability.

Interestingly, the production differentiation between the physically taller group, and the physically shorter group is narrowing each year, as 70% of the cull pen is from the physically taller group. The physically taller group is the greatest source of opens and lates. The cattle are becoming more uniform, and are defining the optimal size and type for this ranch, and low input management.

The characteristics of most cattle in the culling pen are what should be avoided. The characteristics of the cattle remaining in production are reproduced, using bulls consistent with the cow type remaining in production.

Ranch management is not defining the desired type and genetics, the cattle are defining the ideal type and genetics, under this environment and management.

Revenue is increased in several other ways, selling bulls, females, grass finished beef, hunting and fishing operations, etc.

Costs are limited. With the need for hay limited to a winter storm which produces more than 2 feet of snow, there is little need for most equipment and labor. The stockpile of hay kept in inventory is purchased, it is usually 2 year old hay which reduces its cost. A benefit of buying hay, is the ranch is importing those nutrients onto the ranch.

Bull Fight

Hunting

East central Ohio has some of the best whitetail deer and turkey hunting in the country. The quality of the deer are further enhanced with careful management and rules. Ohio Land and Cattle maintains a 1000 acre sanctuary, on its 7500 (over 9 square miles) acres of managed area. No bucks are harvested which have under 135 inches of antler. There are no deer drives permitted, as drives are the largest source of wounded deer and misjudgements of antler size. Turkeys are everywhere.

To schedule a hunt with an outfitter, see

Cast and Blast Lodges

Grass Finished Beef


Grass finished beef is tasty and healthy. Cattle are raised on pastures with a high percentage of legumes, they are harvested when they are well marbled. No chemicals, hormones, or antibiotics are used. Cattle are as well marbled as corn finished beef, and have much more flavor.

Beef is sold by the animal, half, or quarter.

The following link discusses the health benefits of grass fed beef, TallrassBeef.com

For articles, cookbooks and books, on Grass finished beef and farming, see Eatwild.com

Buy a meat tenderizer, we use it for every cut: Tenderizer

Power Steer: The life of a feed lot steer - Michael Pollan

Buying Bulk Beef

When your animal is processed, a certain amount of bone gristle and fat are removed when the carcass is cut and wrapped. Depending on your choice of cuts and your choice of bone-in or bone-out steaks and roast, the take home weight may vary by as much as 79 lbs on a whole animal.
Because of this variation we sell our animals on the pre-cut weight for hanging carcass weights, which is about 60% of the live weight of the animal. Our average carcass will weigh approximately 675 lbs.

Average Live weight 1125 lbs. x 60% hanging carcass weight (HCW)

Whole animal average 675 lbs. x $4.50/lb. = $3,037.50

APPROXIMATE:


WHOLE BEEF - $4.50/lb. HCW

50 steaks (1.25" thick)
28 roasts (2.4 lbs./ea.)
130 lbs. ground beef (1 lb./pack)


Any of the cuts below can be ground
to increase the amount of ground beef
14 cube steak (1 lb./pack)
2 brisket (weight varies)
2 flank steak (weight varies)
2 skirt steak (weight varies)


4 short ribs (2 lbs.)
8 soup bones (2 lbs.)


HALF BEEF - $4.75/lb. HCW

25 steaks (1.25" thick)
14 roasts (2-4lbs./ea.)
65 lbs. ground beef (1 lb./pack)


Any of the cuts below can be ground
to increase the amount of ground beef
7 cube steak (1 lb./pack)
1 brisket (weight varies)
1 flank steak (weight varies)
1 skirt steak (weight varies)


2 short ribs (2 lbs.)
6 soup bones (2 lbs.)

Chat Room

Visit 5BarX.com, to discuss anything about cattle and politics.

Chat Room


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Books/Articles

Below are books and articles highly recommended


• Knowledge Rich Ranching / Allan Nation
• Grassfed to Finish / Allan Nation
• Quality Pasture /Allan Nation
• Land, Livestock, and Life /Allan Nation
• Get the Hay Out/Jim Gerrish


The books above can be purchased from Stockman Grass Farmer

• How Not to Go Broke Ranching / Walt Davis   waltdavisranch.com
• Is the Angus Breed on the Right Track?Link to Article
• Allan Savory on the world becoming a desert, and cattle as the solution Link to video
• Johann Zietsman: Video on stocking rate as the largest factor in profitability, high density grazing, etc... Link to video
   To buy his book, "required reading", see: Link to book
• Kit Pharo, Low input Business model/Management Link to video
• Body Condition and Its Importance Link to Article



Contact

James Coffelt

330-328-4470

Ohio Land and Cattle  
PO Box 157
77500 Jamison Rd
,
Cadiz, Ohio 43907

Directions:

Travel to Cadiz Ohio, Drive 5.1 miles southeast on St Rt. 250, Turn right on Jamison Rd, Drive 9/10ths of a mile, Turn right into the drive

View in a larger map

Request Information

I'd like to receive:

  • Sale Book
  • Information about breeding program


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